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Federal Wildland Firefighter Pay Crisis

Federal Wildland Firefighter Pay Crisis: Temporary Fixes vs. Permanent Solutions

WASHINGTON D.C, USA – The future of federal wildland firefighters, crucial guardians against America’s escalating wildfire crisis, hangs in the balance as Congress grapples with the challenge of turning temporary pay raises into permanent solutions. Despite recent efforts, including a temporary extension of a $20,000 pay increase approved by President Biden, the threat of significant pay cuts looms large, with potential dire consequences for firefighter retention and wildfire management.

According to NPR, the House of Representatives has passed an amendment to extend the pay increase through the next year, offering a momentary respite from the anticipated pay cuts. Mike Alba, a union organizer and engine captain, expressed concern over the temporary nature of this solution, emphasizing the need for a permanent fix to avert mass resignations.

Rookie federal firefighters currently earn around $15 an hour, a rate increased from $13 following President Biden’s intervention in 2021. However, this amount remains meager compared to the yearly base salary of a year-round entry-level firefighter, which stands at a mere $34,000. Tom Dillon, a captain of the elite Alpine Hot Shots, highlights the distraction caused by Congress’s budget issues, stating that it shifts focus away from essential firefighting tactics and training.

The Forest Service’s Deputy Chief Jaelith Hall-Rivera, in an update from, acknowledged the critical role of wildland firefighters and the ongoing efforts to secure fair compensation. The agency is working on a new 0456 wildland firefighter job series, with expected advertisements for most positions under this series by spring 2024. However, these plans could be affected by lapses in appropriations.

The uncertainty around pay is a significant concern. The union representing federal employees warns that at least thirty percent of the federal wildland firefighting force could quit if pay isn’t permanently increased. This situation is exacerbated by escalating climate and forest management challenges, making wildfires more severe and deadly.

In an earlier report from GovExec, the extension of funding for the pay raises was noted as a critical measure to prevent a feared mass exodus of firefighters. This stopgap solution, however, only provides a short-term fix, with the need for a more permanent resolution remaining urgent. The Wildland Firefighter Paycheck Protection Act and the Tim Hart Wildland Firefighter Classification and Pay Parity Act are seen as potential legislative solutions to address these pay issues comprehensively.

As firefighters like Mike Alba and teams like the Alpine Hot Shots continue to brave hazardous conditions, the need for a stable and fair compensation system becomes increasingly evident. With Congress’s current focus on short-term fixes, the risk of a significant workforce reduction in a crucial area of public safety and environmental protection remains a looming threat.

Alex Derr, Founder of The Next Summit

Alex Derr is an Eagle Scout, climber, and environmental policy expert located in Denver, Colorado. He created The Next Summit to help others stay safe exploring the mountains and advocate to preserve the peaks for the future. Follow him on Linkedin or Twitter or click here to contact him.

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Hi, I'm Alex!

In 2018, I watched in disbelief as dozens of people hiked into a storm on Longs Peak, unaware of the extreme danger. Soon after, I started The Next Summit to educate and empower the public to safely and responsibly explore America's mountains.

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